Fables, Folktales, Myths and Legends

An Online Treasure Hunt
For First Year High School (English)
 
Introduction

Have you heard stories of the aswang and manananggal, the kapre and the duwende? What about the story of the quarrel between the monkey and the tortoise? Or stories explaining why the sky is high up in the heavens and why the ampalaya is bitter?

All these are examples of folklore. There are many types of folklore. In this lesson, we will study the fable, folktale, legend, and myth. We will find out how they are different from each other and read some examples of each.

The lesson is in the form of a treasure hunt. The treasures you will look for are the answers to the questions below. These answers can be found in the websites listed after the questions. Click on each URL or website address to get access to the website. Read the questions and websites carefully.

You will work on this activity in groups of three or four. Be sure to work together. After answering the questions, proceed to the Big Question.

Questions

1.      Differentiate among myth, legend, and fable in terms of the characters that can be found in each.
2.
      Among the terms folktale, legend, fable and myth, which is the more general or inclusive termómeaning, it is a term that includes the others as types?
3.
      Are legends fictional stories (that is, stories without basis in fact)? Explain your answer.
4.
      What is the purpose of myths?
5.
      Some famous myths are those involving the Greek and Roman gods and goddesses, strange creatures, and men and women with extraordinary qualities (like Hercules). Name a character in Filipino mythology.
6.
      Aside from having animal characters behaving like human beings, what is a distinguishing feature or element in fables? Cite an example from one of Aesopís fables to prove your answer.

Resources

Folktale, myth, fables and legends
http://falcon.jmu.edu/~ramseyil/tradmays.htm

What is a folktale
http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/ent/A0819070.html

Types of folktale
http://www.uwstout.edu/lib/irs/folktale.htm

What is mythology
http://www.crystalinks.com/mythology1.html

Aesopís fables
http://www.knowledgerush.com/books/aesopa10.html

Philippine myths
http://www.seasite.niu.edu/tagalog/folktales/mythsintroduction.htm
http://www.geocities.com/Tokyo/Harbor/1320/mmnawit.html
http://www.veranda.com.ph/viloria/alamat/

The Big Question

Choose one of the Philippine myths and legends in the websites given above and write a story map of it. A story map looks like this:

Title of your story:_________________________________________

Setting
:__________________________________________________

Characters:
1.________________________________
2.________________________________
3.________________________________
4.________________________________
5.________________________________

Problem
:________________________________________________
________________________________________________________

Event 1
__________________________________________________
Event 2
__________________________________________________
Event 3__________________________________________________
Event 4
__________________________________________________
Event 5
__________________________________________________

Solution
:_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

You are still supposed to work on this as a group. Make sure you all agree about which legend or myth to analyze. After you have made your choice, you can assign each member to fill in one set of blanks in the story map. For example, Member A can identify the setting and characters; Member B can identify the problem and solution; and Member C can identify the main events.

Submit your story map at the end of the class period. Happy mapping.
 


Authored by F. Tanggaan and P. Arinto