Why is the Philippines frequently visited by typhoons? What causes typhoons? What kinds of damage do typhoons cause?
Imagine that you have been asked to write an essay answering the questions above. Your essay would be an example of a cause-and-effect composition.
In this online treasure hunt, you will find out what a cause-and-effect composition is. You will also learn how to write an example of it.
This is a group activity. In groups of three, answer the questions below using the online resources listed. Write down your answers on a clean sheet of paper. Afterwards, answer the Big Question.
Cause and Effect
Cause and Effect Paragraphs
Cause and Effect Essay
Cause or Effect Essays
Fallacy: Confusing Cause and Effect
Now write your own cause-effect essay on ONE of the following topics:
The effects of using the Internet in learning
The causes of student misbehavior in the classroom
The effects of stress on young people
This is a group essay. This means you must work together in writing it. Below are some pointers for doing this.
1. First, agree on the topic of your essay (from the choices given). Then brainstorm about the causes or effects of the phenomenon you have chosen to explain or write about. When brainstorming, encourage as many ideas as possible. All should contribute their ideas.
2. When all ideas (causes or effects) have been listed, go over the list and cluster or group related ideas. Label the clusters.
3. Then decide on what the thesis or main point of your essay will be. Again, this is something you must all discuss together. State this at the beginning of your essay.
4. Make an outline of your essay. Indicate the main ideas that you will discuss and the order in which you will discuss them.
5. Write the essay, taking care to observe the rules of grammar. You can try taking turns writing the essay—that is, one will begin and stop at a certain point; another will continue the essay and then stop at some point; and so on until all have taken turns.
6. When your draft is finished, everyone should read it carefully and suggest revisions. Discuss the suggested revisions and decide on which ones to adopt. And then revise the draft.
Submit your final group essay two days from today.
Authored by E. Ibones, J. Garde, and P. Arinto