Teaching with the Web:
A Collection of Online Treasure Hunts and Webquests

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Flora and Fauna of Lake Danao: A WebQuest for Second Year High School (Science & English)

Authored by N. Denden, A. Bendanillo, and P. Arinto


Introduction
With the presence of the Philippine National Oil Company, National Power Corporation, CAL Energy, and Leyte Agri Corporation, Ormoc City has become one of the more developed cities in Region VIII. But development comes with a price. In this case, the price is the threat of degradation of Ormoc’s natural environment.

Of particular concern is Lake Danao, which has drawn Ormocanons and tourists alike with its natural beauty and biodiversity. As concerned Ormocanons, it is our duty to preserve this haven!

The Task
The Tourism Director and the DENR Director are calling on concerned Ormocanons to help preserve Lake Danao. Crucial to preservation is getting as many people as possible to appreciate the beauty and ecological richness of Lake Danao. For this reason, the Tourism Director and the DENR Director are thinking of publishing an online magazine on Lake Danao.

They are asking volunteer organizations and groups like yours to provide the contents of the online magazine. Specifically, they are asking you to contribute:

1. a short editorial containing basic information on the physical characteristics of Lake Danao (e.g., location, size, depth, ecological condition) and the threats to its survival, and a call for the preservation of Lake Danao
2. a feature report on the types of plants and animals found in Lake Danao
3. a feature report on the different ecological relationships in the Lake Danao environment
4. a feature report on what a lake is, the major lakes in the Philippines, and the place of Lake Danao in the roster of local lakes
5. an interview with an environmental expert or organization about how to preserve Lake Danao
6. a photo essay
7. a haiku inspired by Lake Danao

To facilitate the conceptualization of the online magazine, the local Department of Tourism and Department of Environment and Natural Resources are sponsoring a one-day field trip to Lake Danao.

Process
As one of the leading environmental advocacy groups in Ormoc, you are compelled to participate in the design and development of the online magazine on Lake Danao.

1. Your team of 8 includes two taxonomists, an ecologist, an expert on lakes, an environmental activist, a poet, an editor, and a photographer. The job of each team member is described in the table below. As a team, decide on who among you will take on each job.

Specialization Duties and Responsibilities
Editor
 
1. Write the editorial.
2. Supervise the layout and production of the online magazine.
2 Taxonomists Do research and write the feature article on the different plants and animals in the Lake Danao area.
Ecologist Do research and write the feature report on the different ecological relationships in the Lake Danao area.
Lake Expert
 
Do research and write a feature report on what a lake is, the major lakes in the Philippines, and the place of Lake Danao in the roster of local lakes.
Environmental Activist Interview an environmental expert (for example, a DENR official) or group about how to preserve Lake Danao.
Poet 1. Compose a haiku inspired by Lake Danao.
2. Choose accompanying graphics for the haiku.
Photographer 1. Take photos of flora and fauna in Lake Danao, and the people interviewed by the writers.
2. Produce the photo essay.

2. After you have chosen your roles, do some background research beginning with the online resources given in this webquest (see Resources). Note that there are other resources that may be available to each of you, such as articles in scientific journals, newspaper and magazine articles, experts in various environmental organizations, both government and nongovernment, and related websites (for example, online magazines, websites of environmental groups).

You have one week to do the background research.

3. Join the field trip to Lake Danao. This is when you will do your on-site research. Record all relevant information. The photographer should take all necessary photographs.

4. After the field trip:

· The members of the team who are assigned something to write should write their drafts.
· The photographer should download or print all photos taken, choose which ones to include in the photo essay and other parts of the magazine, crop/enlarge/enhance these as necessary, and compose the photo essay.

The team members have one week to complete this step in the process.

5. Then the group should meet to read/view and critique each other’s draft write-ups and the photo essay. Each team member should take note of suggestions for revision and then revise his/her work accordingly. The revised work should be reviewed by all members. Be guided by the rubric for evaluating the group output.

This step should be completed in one week.

6. Submit the group output on the due date.

7. Accomplish the self-assessment form and peer evaluation form. Submit these on the due date.

Resources

Basic Concepts

Ecosystem
http://www.hyperdictionary.com/dictionary/ecosystem
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/ecosystem

Ecology
http://www.hyperdictionary.com/search.aspx?define=ecology

Ecological relationships
http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/biology20/unit2/UNIT2MODULE1LESSON7.htm

Biodiversity
http://www.defenders.org/bio-bi03.html

Definition of lake
http://www.wordiq.com/definition/Lake
http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/earthlakes.html
http://www.twingroves.district96.k12.il.us/Wetlands/LakesPonds/LakesPonds.html

Lake ecosystems/ecology
http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/F/Freshwater.html#Lakes_and_Ponds
http://mbgnet.mobot.org/fresh/lakes/index.htm
http://wow.nrri.umn.edu/wow/under/primer/page10.html

Why lakes and lake preservation
http://www.worldlakes.org/values.asp
http://www.mongabay.com/0608.htm
http://www.worldlakes.org/uploads/tagaytay_declaration_w_vision.pdf

Lakes at a glance
http://www.worldlakes.org/lakeprofiles.asp

Lakes of the Philippines
http://www.llda.gov.ph/inland_water_group.htm
http://www.psdn.org.ph/wetlands/philwetlands.htm

Tools

How to write a feature story
http://www.jteacher.com/ppt/features.ppt
http://www.wordweaving.com/articlefeb18_00.html
http://www.mala.bc.ca/~soules/CMC290/feature.htm

How to conduct an interview
http://www.talewins.com/interviews.htm
http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/ROHO/rohotips.html
http://artswork.asu.edu/arts/students/expressionism/les2_4.htm
http://artswork.asu.edu/arts/students/expressionism/les2_5.htm
http://www.twingroves.district96.k12.il.us/Wetlands/RiverOtter/ROExpertInterview.html (sample interview with expert)

How to write a haiku
http://nyny.essortment.com/howtowritehai_rqau.htm
http://msms.essortment.com/writehaikupo_rmxm.htm
http://personal.nbnet.nb.ca/litha/goodhaiku.html
http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Ranch/7797/jimages.html (traditional Japanese images)

Sample websites on lakes and wetlands
http://www.radnorlake.org/lake_map.asp
http://www.great-lakes.net/lakes/
http://www.llda.gov.ph/geographical_jurisdiction.htm
http://www.twingroves.district96.k12.il.us/Wetlands/Wetlands.html

Evaluation
Your group output will be graded/scored using the following rubric:
 
Item Very Good
(5 points)
 
Good
(3 points)
 
Needs Improvement
(1 point)
Photo Essay At least seven photos are included: one photo each of two different plants, one photo each of two different animals, one panoramic view of the lake, one human interest photo (for example, someone gazing at the lake or some students examining flora around the lake), and one photo of the expert/s or representative of the environmental organization interviewed.

All photos in the photo gallery are clear, interesting, and relevant to the theme of Lake Lanao’s biodiversity and beauty and the need to preserve it.
There are only four-five photos in the gallery.

OR

There are seven photos but two are not clear, uninteresting, and/or irrelevant to the theme of Lake Lanao’s biodiversity and beauty and the need to preserve it.
Only one or two photos are included.

OR

There is a sufficient number of photos but only one or two are clear, interesting, and relevant to the theme of Lake Lanao’s biodiversity and beauty and the need to preserve it.
Haiku

The poem has the structural elements of a haiku.

The haiku is original.

The haiku shows good word choice and good imagery

The poem does not conform to the form/structure of a haiku.

The haiku is original.

The word choice or imagery can be improved.

 

No poem has been submitted.

OR

The haiku is not original.

OR

The poem is poorly written, with poor word choice and poor imagery.

Feature report on the different plants and animals in Lake Danao At least 6 plant species and 6 animal species are featured in the report.

Each of the 6 plant species and animal species is adequately described.

The feature report is written in such a way as to sustain the reader’s interest and in complete, grammatical sentences.
The total number of featured plant and animal species is less than 12 but not less than 8.

Not all of the plant and animal species featured are adequately described.

The feature report is written in such a way as to sustain the reader’s interest and in complete, grammatical sentences.
The total number of featured plant and animal species is less than 8 but not less than 4.

Only two of the plant and animal species featured are adequately described.

The feature report is written in complete, grammatical sentences.
Feature report on the different ecological relationships found in the area. At least five ecological relationships are described. The species involved are clearly identified.

(Note: It is not enough to say the relationship is symbiotic, for example. The species involved must be identified and an explanation of how the symbiosis is apparent must be given.)

The feature report is written in such a way as to sustain the reader’s interest and in complete, grammatical sentences.
Only three ecological relationships are described. The species are clearly identified.

(Note: It is not enough to say the relationship is symbiotic, for example. The species involved must be identified and an explanation of how the symbiosis is apparent must be given.)

The feature report is written in such a way as to sustain the reader’s interest and in complete, grammatical sentences.
Only one relationship is described. The species are clearly identified.

(Note: It is not enough to say the relationship is symbiotic, for example. The species involved must be identified and an explanation of how the symbiosis is apparent must be given.)

The feature report is written in complete, grammatical sentences.
Interview with an expert or a representative of an environmental organization regarding the preservation of Lake Danao The person/s interviewed was/were in the best position to provide information on the preservation of Lake Danao.

The interview questions were relevant, insightful, and comprehensive.

The interview results were presented well—that is, they were edited for readability.
One of the three criteria under “Very Good” for this item was not met. Two of the three criteria under “Very Good” for this item were not met.
Editorial The physical description of Lake Danao is complete/comprehensive.

The environmental status of Lake Danao is given.

The case for the preservation of Lake Danao is well argued.

The editorial observes the rules of grammar.
Only three of the four criteria given under “Very Good” for this item are met.

Only two of the four criteria given under “Very Good” for this item are met.

The perfect score is 35. Each item will be scored separately but it is the total score that will count towards individual members’ scores. This means that you have to work together to make sure that each component of your online magazine and the entire online magazine score well.

Individual scores will be computed from your scores for the group output and your scores for the self-assessment and peer evaluation.

Conclusion
If you do this well and you work together as a team, you will produce a magazine that will increase people’s awareness of the beauty of this natural heritage in our community. You will also deepen their appreciation of the need to preserve it.

In addition, the project will help you develop many skills that will serve you well in other projects that you will undertake later on. These skills include being observant, taking down notes, doing background research, interviewing an expert, writing various types of compositions, and documenting information. Plus, you will learn the value of team work. Team work is important not only in coming up with a product like an online magazine but also in saving the environment. We must all work together to save Mother Earth!

 

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